• Michael Wechsler

    WECHSLER - Undergrad

    Title: Professor of Bible
    Department: Bible
    School/Area: Undergraduate
    Position: Teaching
    Start Date: August 2001

    Educational Background:
    B.S., Rutgers University
    M.A., Trinity International University
    Ph.D., University of Chicago

    Publications:

    Books: 

    • The Book of Conviviality in Exile (Kitāb al-īnās bi-’l-jalwa): The Judaeo-Arabic Translation and Commentary on the Book of Esther by Saadia ben Joseph Gaon. Forthcoming with Brill in 2014.
    • From Persia with Love: The Arabic Translation and Homiletical Commentary of Salmon ben Yeruḥam on the Book of Esther. Karaite Texts and Studies, 6; Études sur le judaïsme médiéval, 47. Leiden: Brill. Forthcoming with Brill in 2015.
    • Pesher Naḥum: Texts and Studies in Jewish History and Literature from Antiquity through the Middle Ages, presented to Norman (Naḥum) Golb. Co-edited with J. L. Kraemer, with the participation of F. Donner, J. Holo, and D. Pardee. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, 66. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2012.
    • Strangers in the Land: The Judaeo-Arabic Exegesis of Tanḥum ha-Yerushalmi on the Books of Ruth and Esther. Magnes Bible Studies. Jerusalem: Magnes, 2010.
    • The Arabic Translation and Commentary of Yefet ben ‘Eli the Karaite on the Book of Esther. Karaite Texts and Studies, 1; Études sur le judaïsme médiéval, 36. Leiden: Brill, 2008.
    • Evangelium Iohannis Aethiopicum [The Gospel of John in Classical Ethiopic]. Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, 617; Scriptores Aethiopici, 109. Louvain: Peeters, 2005.  

    Articles (in Academic Journals and Encyclopedias): 

    • “Peshitta: Ruth”; “Peshitta: Esther”; Syro-Hexapla: Ruth”; “Syro-Hexapla: Esther”; “Ethiopic Translations: Judges.” In The Textual History  of the Bible, vol. 1. Edited by A. Lange, E. Tov, et al. Leiden: Brill, forthcoming.
    • “Esther (II.A. Second Temple and Hellenistic Judaism; II.C. Medieval Judaism: Judeo-Arabic Commentary; III.B. Near-Eastern Christianity);” “Eternity (III. Judaism);” “Exodus, Book of (II.D. Medieval Judaism: Karaites versus Rabbanites)”; “Footwear (III. Judaism)”; “Four Empires (III.C. Medieval Judaism).” In the Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, vols. 8–9. Ed. H.-J. Klauck et al. Berlin: De Gruyter, forthcoming, 2013–14.
    • “Ben Yijū Family.” In Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, 2nd online edition. Ed. Norman Stillman et al. (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming in the second edition).
    • “Saadia’s Seven Guidelines for ‘Conviviality in Exile’ (from His Commentary on Esther).” Intellectual History of the Islamicate World 1 (2013): 203–33.
    • “Daniel (Book and Person) (III.C. Medieval Judaism)” (co-authored with R. Chazan and B. D. Walfish); “David ben Boaz”; “Deuteronomy, Book of (II.D. Medieval Judaism: Karaites versus Rabbanites)”; “Dissimulation (I. HB/OT and Judaism; II. New Testament; III. Christianity; IV. Islam)”; “Ecclesiastes, Book of (II.B. Medieval and Modern Judaism: Liturgy);” “Egypt, Ancient (X.C. Medieval Judaism).” In Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, vols. 6–7. Ed. H.-J. Klauck et al. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2013.
    • “Cush (Place) (II. Judaism).” In the Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception, vol. 5. Ed. H.-J. Klauck et al. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012.  
    • “Ten Newly Identified Fragments of Saadia’s Commentary on the Book of Esther: The Judaeo-Arabic Text (with an Appendix Containing a Fragment of Judah ibn Bal‘am’s Commentary on Esther).” [in Hebrew] Pp. 17*–39*  (+1 plate) in Pesher Naḥum: Texts and Studies in Jewish History and Literature from Antiquity through the Middle Ages, presented to Norman (Naḥum) Golb, edited by J. L. Kraemer and M. G. Wechsler. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2012.
    • “Ten Newly Identified Fragments of Saadia’s Commentary on the Book of Esther: Introduction and Translation." Pp. 237–91 (+7 plates) in Pesher Naḥum: Texts and Studies in Jewish History and Literature from Antiquity through the Middle Ages, presented to Norman (Naḥum) Golb, edited by J. L. Kraemer and M. G. Wechsler. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2012.
    • “Review of Poverty and Charity in the Jewish Community of Medieval Egypt. By Mark R. Cohen. Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005. Pp. xvi + 288, and idem, ed. and trans., The Voice of the Poor in the Middle Ages: An Anthology of Documents from the Cairo Geniza. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005. Pp. xiv + 226.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 70, no.1 (2011):173–75.
    • “Aaron ben ‘Amram”; “Aaron Hakīmān”; “Aghmātī, Zechariah ben Judah”; “Alī ben Sulaymān”; “Bar Satya, Joseph ben Jacob”; “Baradānī, Joseph al-”; “Baradānī, Naḥum al-”; “Ben Berechiah Family”; “Daniel ben Eleazar b. Hibat Allāh”; “Daniel ben Ḥasday”; “Daniel ben Samuel ibn Abī ’l-Rabī‘ ha-Kohen”; “David ben Boaz”; “Dunash (Abū Sahl) ben Tamīm”; “Eleazar ben Ḥalfon ha-Kohen”; “Ḥananel ben Ḥushiel”; “Ḥananel ben Samuel”; “Ḥasan, Abū ‘Alī Yefet ibn Bundar”; “Ḥushiel ben Elḥanan”; “Ibn al-Barqūlī Family”; “Ibn al-Majjānī Family”; “Ibn al-Shūwaykh, Isaac ben Israel”; “Ibn Jāmi‘, Samuel ben Jacob”; “Ibn Sighmār Family”; “Ibn Yijū, Abraham”; “Joshua ben Elijah ha-Levi”; “Josiah ben Jesse”; “Judah ben Eli”; “Judah ben Joseph of Qayrawān”; “Kohen Ṣedeq ben Joseph Gaon”; “Levi ben Yefet”; “Messianism and Messianic Movements (Medieval)”; “Nathan ben Ḥananiah”; “Salmon ben Yerūḥam”; “Shabīb ben Jacob”; “Tanḥum ben Joseph ha-Yerushalmi”; “Wahb ibn Ya‘īsh al-Raqqī”; and “Yefet ben ‘Eli.” In the Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World, 5 vols., ed. Norman Stillman et al. Leiden: Brill, 2010.
    • “Review of Esoteric and Exoteric Aspects in Judeo-Arabic Culture. Edited by Benjamin H. Hary and Haggai Ben-Shammai. Études sur le judaïsm médiéval, vol. 33.  Leiden: Brill, 2006. Pp. xi + 338.” Journal of the American Oriental Society 127/2 (2007): 210–12.
    • “Review of 4Q Pesher Nahum: A Critical Edition. By Gregory L. Doudna. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Supplement Series 35; Copenhagen International Series 8. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. Pp. 813,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 65/2 (2006): 150b–53a.
    • “The Arabic Translation and Commentary of Yefet ben ‘Eli on Proverbs 31:10–31,” Journal of Jewish Studies 54/2 (2003): 283–310.
    • “The Arabic Translation and Commentary of Yefet ben ‘Eli on Proverbs 31:1–9,” Revue des études juives 161/3–4 (2002): 393-409.
    • “An Early Karaite Commentary on the Book of Esther,” Hebrew Union College Annual 72 (2002): 101–37.
    • “Shared Reflections of Early Jewish Exegetical/Targumic Tradition in the Peshitta Text of Job and the Targum from Qumran (11QTgJob),” Le Muséon  115/1–2 (2002): 77–128.
    • “Once Again on the Preposition hmn—A Response to the Article by Shamma Yehuda Friedman in Lĕšonenu 61, pp. 259–263.” [in Hebrew] Lĕšonenu 63/1–2 (2001–2002): 169–70.
    • “The Appellation ΒΟΥΓΑΙΟΣ and Ethnic Contextualization in the Greek Text of Esther,” Vetus Testamentum 51/1 (2001): 109–14.
    • “Two Para-Biblical Novellae from Qumrân Cave 4: A Reevaluation of 4Q550,” Dead Sea Discoveries 7/2 (2000): 130–72.
    • "'Va-asher nittan keter malkhūt be-rō’shō' (Esther 6:8) in the Light of Old Persian." [in Hebrew] Beit Miqra 157/2 (1999): 183–85.
    • “The Purim-Passover Connection: A Reflection of Jewish Exegetical Tradition in the Peshitta Book of Esther,” Journal of Biblical Literature 117/2 (1998): 321–27.

    EDITORSHIPS AND EDITED VOLUMES  
    Editorships:

    • Principal Investigator since March 2012, The Textual History of the Ethiopic Old Testament project (chief eds.: A. Lange and E. Tov): the book of Judges.Brill.
    • Editor of Medieval Judaism since 2011, The Encyclopedia of the Bible and Its Reception. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2009–.
    • Co-editor (with Meira Polliack, Tel-Aviv University) since 2007, Karaite Texts and Studies, a sub-series of Études sur le judaïsme médiéval. Leiden: Brill, 2008–. 

    Edited Volumes: 

    • Pesher Nahum: Texts and Studies in Jewish History and Literature from Antiquity through the Middle Ages, presented to Norman (Nahum) Golb, co-edited with J. L. Kraemer, with the participation of F. Donner, J. Holo, and D. Pardee. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 66. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2012.
    • Marzena Zawanowska, The Arabic Translation and Commentary of Yefet ben ʿEli on the Abraham Narratives (Genesis 11:10–25:18), Part 1: Introduction and text edition. Karaite Texts and Studies, 5; Études sur le judaïsme médiéval, 46. Co-edited with Meira Polliack. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
    • James T. Robinson, Asceticism, Eschatology, Opposition to Philosophy: The Arabic Translation and Commentary of Salmon ben Yeroham on Qohelet (Ecclesiastes). Karaite Texts and Studies, 4; Études sur le judaïsme médiéval, 45. Co-edited with Meira Polliack. Leiden: Brill, 2012.
    • Joachim J. M. S. Yeshaya, Medieval Hebrew Poetry in Muslim Egypt: The Secular Poetry of the Karaite Poet Moses ben Abraham Darʿī. Karaite Texts and Studies, 3; Études sur le judaïsme médiéval, 44. Co-edited with Meira Polliack. Leiden: Brill, 2011.
    • Barry Dov Walfish with Mikhail Kizilov, Bibliographia Karaitica: An Annotated Bibliography of Karaites and Karaism. Karaite Texts and Studies, 2; Études sur le judaïsme médiéval, 43. Co-edited with Meira Polliack. Leiden: Brill, 2011.

    Professional/Personal Interests:
    Biblical exegesis; medieval literary sources in Judaeo-Arabic and Hebrew; Judaeo-Arabic (both Karaite and Rabbanite) exegetical literature; medieval Near Eastern history, especially literary-academic interactions between Christians, Muslims, and Jews; Syriac literature (exegesis and Bible translation); Ge'ez literature (exegesis and Bible translation); classical English literature and poetry; science fiction; walking the dog (with or without the kids) and Dexter.